Guatemala . . . officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast. With an estimated population of around 15.8 million, it is the most populous state in Central America. A representative democracy, Guatemala's capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.Guatemala has been in a state of civil war, realistically speaking, since it became independent. Add it up:
Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved in 1841.So, basically, from about 1841 until 1996, the country was either in a state of civil war or ruled by a military dictatorship backed by the people who brought you Chiquita bananas. I like bananas as much as the next guy, but that shit sucks.
From the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala endured chronic instability and civil strife. Beginning in the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators backed by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, one such authoritarian leader, Jorge Ubico, was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, initiating the ten-year Guatemalan Revolution, which led to sweeping social and economic reforms. The revolution was ended by a U.S.-backed military coup in 1954.
From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala underwent a bloody civil war fought between the U.S.-backed government and leftist rebels, which included massacres of the Mayan population perpetrated by the former in the Ixil Triangle. Since the end of the war, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections, though it continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, crime, drug trade, and instability.
Things have improved since the civil war ended in 1996, with respectable economic growth. Tourism is an important industry, along with agriculture. And, of course, there is a thriving trade in sending unaccompanied children to cross illegally into the U.S., where Emperor Barry I welcomes the newest, youngest Democratic voters with open arms. I always knew that bastard was a Journey fan.